Carter & Cato

Carter & Cato families from Hertfordshire/Buckinghamshire (related to the Dellor family)

Carter Family Tree,    Cato Family Tree

Census return transcriptions are with those of the Dellor family



There had always been an understanding by my great aunt Ivy Howard (and her brother, Alfred Howard, my grandad) that their grandmother was a Spanish-looking woman called Caroline Cato She even described her as a white-haired old lady who she used to visit with her mother Rose when she was a child. She told us that she had died around 1925 in the Clapton area. This, of course, led us to believe that Caroline Cato must be the name of Rose’s mother, wife of John Thomas Dellor.

Having already established that this grandmother did not come from the Howard side, we then found from Rose Dellor‘s birth certificate, that her mother was Ann Marie Carter, and in fact it was her that had died in 1925 in the Clapton areaFurther investigations proved that John Thomas had never remarried and that his own mother was Maria Lingwood (wife of Jonathan Dellor).
The existence of the Spanish grandmother remained a mystery for a good few years.  Caroline Cato must have existed, but who was she?
The clue came by accident, whilst looking at the freeBMD website for possible parents of Ann Marie Carter.  We knew from her marriage certificate that her father was William Carter and by looking at any matches for marriages prior to 1844, I up came a match between William Carter and Caroline Cato! Therefore, the mystery lady turned out to be the mother of Ann Marie, and hence, Rose’s grandmother and Ivy’s great grandmother.  A few years later when Roger Dellor showed me the photo he had of Ann Marie, it is clear that she does look Spanish and there the confusion was explained.


Ann Marie Dellor (nee Carter) 1844 - 1925

Ann Marie Dellor (nee Carter) 1844 – 1925

Before long, the family tree of the Carter family from Wheathampstead had been established, [thanks also to Arthur Holdford of Columbus, Ohio USA and his Carter webpage] 1 together with the family of Caroline Cato from Kimpton.  I have continued the research into this family a little further back thanks to the growing number of online parish records. Some extra snippets of information have also recently been gleaned from the Carter links of Sandra Croft‘s Tribalpages 10. (Thank you Sandra!)

Also Thanks also Susan Cato, I now have further information on the Cato family tree, going back into Ivinghoe in Buckinghamshire, and now five generations back from Caroline and still not Spanish! 


See the Carter family tree, and the Cato family tree




Ann Marie Carter‘s family go back about 6 generations, all in Wheathampstead in Hertfordshire.  There was a mill at Wheathampstead and one of the early tenants was a William Carter who leased the mill for £4 per year back in 1516! 9.  There is also a Will of a William Carter of Wheathampstead in 1587 (which may be worth investigating). However, we have no idea as yet if either of these Williams are related to our Carters. 

The furthest back we can go at this moment is with William Carter born about 1680. He married an Elizabeth and they had five children all baptised at Wheathampstead 2


Sarah Carter bp 5.4.1702 Wheathampstead                                                                                                                                                      Henry Carter b 3.12.1704, bp 4.12.1704 Wheathampstead
William Carter b 7.9.1708, bp 3.10.1708 Wheathampstead                                                                                                                                                                       m abt 1738 to Mary                                                                                                                                                                                                               d 1782 Gustard Wood, bur 20.1.1782 Wheathampstead10                                                                                                      Joseph Carter b  and bp 23.7.1712 Wheathampstead                                                                                                                                        Mary Carter bp 4.12.1715 Wheathampstead   


William was a Husbandman and died in 1744 and was buried on 15th August 1744 at St. Helen’s Wheathampstead 10


William Carter, the son of William and Elizabeth, was born on 7th September, 1708 at Wheathampstead.  He married Mary (maiden name unknown, although there is a possibility: Mary Mayor of Hemel Hempstead married William Carter in Little Gaddesden on 30th September, 1736 12) in about 1738 and the had eight children all baptised at Wheathampstead 2

William Carter b 11.12.1738, bp 24.12.1738 Wheathampstead                                                                                                                                                                  m 6.9.1764 Wheathampstead to Rebecca Jeffrey                                                                                                                                                        bur 16.5.1817 Wheathampstead                                                                                                                                                  John Carter bp 28.9.1740 Wheathampstead                                                                                                                                                   Joseph Carter b 23.9.1742, bp 10.10.1742 Wheathampstead                                                                                                                            Mary Carter b 14.6.1745, bp 23.6.1745 Wheathampstead
Elizabeth Carter b 1.7.1748, bp 21.7.1748 Wheathampstead
Thomas b 6.1.1750, bp 8.1.1750 Wheathampstead
Thomas Carter b 15.3.1752, bp 6.4.1752 Wheathampstead                                                                                                                              Henry Carter b 4.9.1754, bp 14.9.1754 Wheathampstead


William was the publican of the Tin Pot Public House at Gustard Wood in 1756. The billeting record for that year states that the house was kept by William Carter with stabling for two horses.  10, 11

He died there in 1782 and was buried at Wheathampstead on 20th January. 


William Carter, the son of William Carter and Mary (as yet unknown) was born on 11th December, 1738 at Wheathampstead.  He was a sawyer and married Rebecca Jeffrey on 6th September, 1764 also at Wheathampstead. They had five children all baptised at Wheathampstead 2

Catherine Carter b 13.7.1766, bp 23.11.1766 Wheathampstead                
Susan Carter b 22.8.1768, bp 22.9.1768 Wheathampstead                                                                                                                                                                     m 17.4.1792 at St. Katherine, Cree, London to William Catley                        
William Carter b 9.12.1776, bp 5.1.1777 Wheathampstead                                                                                                                                                                        m 25.2.1800 Wheathampstead to Mary Olds                                                                                                                                                                   d 29.11.1857, bur 2.12.1857 Wheathampstead                                                                                                                        Jane Carter b 29.5.1779, bp 15.8.1779 Wheathampstead                                                                                                                                                                     m 2.11.1792 Wheathampstead to Joseph Peacock         

Sarah Carter b 23.6.1781, bp 16.9.1781 Wheathampstead                                                                                                                                                                     m  James Arnold             


William died in 1817 aged 81 and was buried on 16th May at Wheathampstead.  Rebecca died at the grand old age of 101 in 1834 and was buried at Wheathampstead on 21st June. 


William Carter was the son of William Carter, sawyer and Rebecca Jeffrey born in 1776.  He was a carpenter and married Mary Olds, daughter of John Olds and Hannah Allen on 25th February, 1800 at Wheathampstead.  They had seven children all baptised at Wheathampstead 1,2

Joseph Carter b 1.4.1802, bp 5.1802 Wheathampstead                
Susannah Carter b 26.6.1803, bp 17.7.1803 Wheathampstead                           
Ann Carter b 15.5.1805, bp 23.6.1805 Wheathampstead
William Carter b 6.12.1807, bp 3.1.1808 Wheathampstead                                                                                                                                                                       m 17.4.1841 Wheathampstead to Caroline Cato                                                                                                                                                           d 18.2.1872 Gustard Wood                                                                                                                                                        George Carter bp 9.3.1813 Wheathampstead                                                                                                                                                                                              m 2.2.1839 Wheathampstead to Mary Cobb                                                                                                                  Sarah Carter b 10.9.1815, bp 1.10.1815 Wheathampstead                                                                                                                                James Carter b 7.1.1823, bp 16.5.1823 Wheathampstead                                                                                                                                                                       m 14.2.1846 to Eliza Rolf


A Removal order was made on 5th January, 1833 to William Carter from Wheathampstead to St. Michael’s Parish, St. Albans 14.  I cannot be certain that this relates to our William as he was in the Wheathampstead parish in 1841.   William and Mary were living at Gustard Wood at the time of the 1841 census 3 .   Mary died there on 4th March, 1848 and was buried at Wheathampstead on 8th March.   William, now widowed at the time of the 1851 census,  was a journeyman Carpenter and lived next door to his son William. By the time of his death on 29th November, 1857 he had moved to the Union workhouse a St Albans 3.  He was buried on 2nd December, 1857 at Wheathampstead. 


William Carter was the son of William Carter, Carpenter and Mary Olds, born on 6th Dec 1807 and baptised on 3rd January, 1808 at Wheathampstead. He was an Agricultural labourer and married Caroline Cato, daughter of William Cato and Ann Burgoyne, on 17th April, 1841 at Wheathampstead.  William and Caroline had four children 1:


Amelia Carter b 26.8.1841, bp 27.2.1842 Wheathampstead                                                                                                                                                                     m 23.8.1869 to Michael Barton
Ann Marie Carter bp 29.12.1844 Wheathampstead                                                                                                                                                                                           m 9.9.1866 Islington to John Thomas Dellor                                                                                                                                                     d 2.7.1925 Hackney
Selina Carter bp 7.3.1848 Wheathampstead
Moses Carter bp 23.9.1849 Wheathampstead                                                                                                                                                                                            m1 2.1.1875 Kimpton to Mary Hillard                                                                                                                                                                              m2 1890 Luton to Elydia Peacock                                                                                                                                                                             d 22.3.1928 


At the time of the 1851 Census, William and Caroline were living next door to William Senior at Gustard Wood with their children Amelia, Ann and Moses 3

Their eldest daughter Amelia married Michael Barton, (a plumber, born abt 1844 in Cambridge) on 23rd August 1869. According to the 1871 census they already has a son William born abt 1867 3.  They had the following children 2:


William Barton b abt 1867/8 Wheathampstead                                                                                                                                                Ellen Barton bp 27.2.1870 Wheathampstead 
Annie Elizabeth Barton bp 25.6.1871 Wheathampstead, d 1872                                                                                                            Amelia Barton bp 29.9.1872 Wheathampstead, d 1873                                                                                                                                      Alma Jane Barton bp 30.11.1873 Wheathampstead
James Barton b 1875 Wheathampstead
Alice Ameila Barton bp 31.12.1876 Wheathampstead


Amelia died in 1878 and Michael, a plumber is living with just his son William at the time of the 1881 census 3.  The other four surviving children; Ellen, Alma, James and Alice were living with their grandmother, Caroline in Gustard Wood 3

Their second daughter Ann Marie Carter born on 29th December, 1833 married John Thomas Dellor, son of Jonathan Dellor and Maria Lingwood on 9th September 1866 at Islington. She died in 1872 at Gustard Wood. See the Dellor family for more information. 

Caroline Carter (nee Cato) and her husband William were living at Wheathampstead in 1871 with their son Moses and granddaughter Ellen Barton.  William died at Gustard Wood on 18th February, 1872 and in 1881 Caroline was living at Gustard Wood, Wheathampstead with her four grandchildren; Ellen, Alma, James and Alice Barton, as mentioned above. At the time of the 1891 she was living at the same address on her own. Her eldest three grandchildren are nowhere to be found but Alice was back with her father Michael, and his new wife Hannah and their children. Caroline died on 4th April 1891 at Gustard Wood.



Caroline’s family can now be traced back anther  six generations to William Cato/Catoe who lived in Ivinghoe, Buckinghamshire.  He was born in about 1620 and married Prudence Moores (1618 – 1679), daughter of John Moores in about 1641 4, 5. They had two sons that I know of:

William Cato/Catoe bp 9.9.1644 Ivinghoe                                                                                                                                                                                                               m 30.12.1669 Ivinghoe to Ann Newens                                                                                                                                                                  bur 1704                                                                                                                                                                                John Cato/Catoe bp 15.1.1646 Ivinghoe


William Cato/Catoe born in 1644 married Ann Newens, daughter of Edward Newens 5 on 30th December, 1669 at Ivinghoe 2.   They had eight children all baptized at Ivinghoe 2, 5:

Mary Cato born abt 1670 Ivinghoe 5                                                                                                                                                                                                       m 28.4.1690 Ivinghoe to Richard Symons 5                                                                                                                             Ann Cato bp 21.12.1761 Ivinghoe                                                                                                                                                                              William Cato bp 16.12.1673 Ivinghoe                                                                                                                                                                                                           bur 8.2.1674 Ivinghoe                                                                                                                                                              Elizabeth Cato  bp 10.1.1674 Ivinghoe                                                                                                                                                            William Cato bp 1.12.1677 Ivinghoe                                                                                                                                                                                                             bur 16.3.1779 Ivinghoe
Edward Cato b 1779, bp? Ivinghoe
                                m 15.1.1705 Ivinghoe to Ruth Sear     
                                bur 28.1.1756 Ivinghoe                                                                                                                                                                          Elizabeth Cato bp 2.4.1682 Ivinghoe

Sarah Cato bp 16.9.1686 Ivinghoe


Edward Cato born abt 1679 married Ruth Sear on 15th January, 1705 at Ivinghoe.  They also had eight children all baptized at Ivinghoe 2, 5

William Cato b 25.8.1707, bp 6.10.1707 Ivinghoe                                                                                                                                        Edward Cato b 28.6.1707, bp 29.6.1705 Ivinghoe                                                                                                                                                                                    m1 17.2.1734 Maulden, Beds to Elizabeth Jennings                                                                                                                                                   m2 2.8.1772 Totternhoe to Mary Gibbs                                                                                                                                                                           d 1.9.1783 Totternhoe                                                                                                                                                                          Thomas Cato b 3.1.1709, bp 15.1.1709 Ivinghoe                                                                                                                                              Ruth Cato  b 20.2.1711, bp 21.2.1711 Ivinghoe                                                                                                                                                          John Cato b 12.10.1714, bp 17.10.1714 Ivinghoe                                                                                                                                                  Samuel Cato b 20.11.1716, bp 21.11.1716 Ivinghoe                                                                                                                                            Joseph Cato b 29.1.1719, bp 31.1.1719 Ivinghoe                                                                                                                                                                                       m 21.5.1744 Stone, Bucks to Sarah Hare                                                                                                                                                                      d 1800                                                                                                                                                                                                 Maria Cato b 7.1.1725, bp 25.1.1725 Ivinghoe


Ruth died in 1749 and was buried at Ivinghoe on 16th April and Edward died in 1756 and was buried on 28th January 5.  

Their youngest son Joseph Cato, born in 1719 married Susan Hare on 21st May, 1744 at Stone, Buckinghamshire and their descendants are shown on the Cato Family tree.  [Information kindly given to me by their ancestor Richard Cato of new Zealand]. 14


Edward Cato born in June 1707 was a collar maker and settled in Totternhoe, Bedfordshire. He married Elizabeth Jennings, on 17th February, 1734 by licence at Maulden, Bedfordshire 2.   Edward and Elizabeth had eight children all baptised at Totternhoe St. Giles 2

William Cato bp 21.12.1735 Totternhoe                                                                                                                                                                                                       bur 3.11.1741 Totternhoe                                                                                                                                                                     Edward Cato b abt 1736                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   bur 24.5.1749 Totternhoe                                                                                                                                                                          Ann Cato b abt 1837                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   bur 27.5.1747 Totternhoe                                                                                                                                                                        William Cato  b? mentioned in will                                                                                                                                                                  Thomas Cato bp 31.5.1747 Totternhoe                                                                                                                                                                                                        bur 4.6.1747 Totternhoe
Thomas Cato b 2.1.1748 Studham, bp 9.6.1751 Totternhoe
                             m 9.6.1775 Flamstead, Herts to Henrietta Maria Cross     
                             bur 9.10.1825 Harpenden                                                                                                                                                                    Elizabeth Cato b abt 1749                                                                                                                                                                                                                                m 13.11.1769 Totternhoe to William Coles                                                                                                                            Ann Cato b 20.9.1751, bp 29.9.1751 Totternhoe                                                                                                                                                                                   bur 23.5.1755 Totternhoe


In the will (dated 13th October, 1747) of William Jennings of Wall End, Maulden, who died on 2nd September, 1750, Elizabeth his niece now Elizabeth Cato is mentioned in discharge legacies as previously Elizabeth Cateaway, wife of Edward Cateaway, collar maker of Totternhoe? 13

Elizabeth died in 1770 and was buried on 23rd May at Totternhoe St Giles.  Edward then married Mary Gibbs on 2nd  August, 1772 at Totternhoe 2.  Edward died in 1783 and was buried on 1st September, 1783 at Totternhoe 5.  He left a will dated 17th May, 1773 which was proved on 8th October, 1783 7.  The will “of Edward Cato of Totternhoe in the county of Bedford, collar maker” mentions his second wife Mary, William, his eldest [surviving] son who he makes his sole executor, his son Thomas and his daughter Elizabeth Coles. 


Thomas Cato was born on 2nd January, 1748 at Studham to Edward Cato and Elizabeth Jennings.  He was a Collar Maker and married Henrietta Maria Cross on 9th June 1775 at Flamstead, Hertfordshire.  They settled in Harpenden, Hertfordshire and had seven children baptised there 2:

Elizabeth Cato bp 12.10.1777 Harpenden                          
James Cato bp 5.9.1779 Harpenden                                                                                                                                                                                                                bur 27.5.1784 Harpenden
William Cato bp 8.12.1782 Harpenden                                                                                                                                                                                                       m 22.11.1804 Harpenden to Ann Burgoyne                                                                                                                                                                   bur 1.10.1866 Kimpton                                                                                                                                                                Sophia Cato bp 10.4.1785 Harpenden                                                                                                                                                                    Sarah Cato bp 4.11.1788 Harpenden                                                                                                                                                                                Henrietta Maria Cato bp 22.6.1794 Harpenden                                                                                                                                                                                                        bur 8.7.1812 Harpenden                                                                                                                                                      Kezia Cato bp 7.5.1797 Harpenden                                                                                                                                                                                                          m 8.2.1817 Harpenden to William Webb


Thomas Cato appears in the Militia Lists for Harpenden 1778-1785.  He was also a Collar maker as was his father Edward. [By the way this is NOT the same Thomas Cato Wire worker of 89 Holborn Hill as listed in the Kent’s Directory of 1784 8  – this Thomas lived in London and his wife was Elizabeth.]

Henrietta died in 1812 and was buried on 16th August at Harpenden and Thomas died in 1825 aged 87 and was buried there on 9th October. 


William Cato was born in 1782 and he was a harness maker. He married Ann Burgoyne of Studham on 22nd November, 1804 at Harpenden 2. They had nine children firstly baptised at Harpenden and then 12 miles away at Kimpton 2

Ann Kitty Mariah Cato bp 21.11.1805 Harpenden                                                                                                                                                                                                       bur 14.9.1829 Kimpton                                                                                                                                             Sophia Cato bp 25.12.1807 Harpenden                                                                                                                                                                                                      m 6.11.1854 North Mimms to William Wootley                                                                                                              Siner/Sinar Cato bp 13.1.1811 Harpenden                                                                                                                                                                                                        m 24.12.1838 Wheathampstead to John Archer 4                                                                                                      Thomas Cato bp 7.3.1813 St. Albans 4                                                                                                                                                                                                         m1 30.5.1835 Walden to Elizabeth Smith                                                                                                                                                                     m2 7.7.1867 Coddington to Susannah Harris                                                                                                                                                              d 1885 Kimpton
Caroline Cato bp 11.7.1816 Kimpton
                             m 17.4.1841 Wheathampstead to William Carter     
                             d 4.4.18891 Gustard Wood                                                                                                                                                                  George Cato bp 20.12.1818 Kimpton                                                                                                                                                                                                            bur 29.8.1829 Kimpton                                                                                                                                                        Noah Cato bp 23.12.1821 Kimpton                                                                                                                                                                                                           d 1891 Kimpton?                                                                                                                                                                                            Amelia Cato bp 19.6.1825 Kimpton                                                                                                                                                                                                             bur 19.9.1828 Kimpton                                                                                                                                                                      Shadrack Cato bp 13.4.1828 Kimpton                                                                                                                                                                                                            bur 18.7.1828 Kimpton


At the time of the 1841 census William and Ann were living in Kimpton, with their children Sophia, Noah and Shadrack 3 .   Caroline was by this time married to William Carter and living at Garston Wood.  



1 Wheathampstead Families – Carter – compiled by Arthur Holdford

2 parish register transcripts

3 census returns from

4 baptisms, marriages and burials

5 Family trees from

6 Emails from Susan Cato 2005

7 Will of Edward Cato dated 17.4.1773

8 Kents Directory 1794

9 Wheathampstead Mill

10 Carter research by Sandra Croft at

11 Tin Pot Public House, Gustard Wood 

12 Hertfordshire Marriages

13 Discharge Legacies at Bedfordshire Record Office

14 emails from Richard Cato 2014. 



One Response to “Carter & Cato”

  • Sally Scott:

    I am related to Edward Newnes line. To Thomas and Martha Scott, who both died in Michigan. GOD bess. Sally

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