The Duke of York

The History of the Duke of York Inn, Pomeroy, Derbyshire

in relation to the Needham family

The Duke of York

      The Duke of York Inn, Pomeroy


This page is possible thanks to Darren Parker, the then publican of ‘Duke of York’ Pomeroy, near  Buxton, who kindly
provided help with history of the Inn and previous Innkeepers, back in 1998. 



The Duke of York as in 1994
© 1994 Allison & Alderson





The Duke of York Inn is situated in the ancient parish of Chelmorton.  Chelmorton is not mentioned in the Doomsday Book.  It is a parcel of the Royal Manor of the High Peak and the mineral rights are leased to the Duke of Devonshire, who was once a principal landowner and Lord of the Manor.

The alehouse was first opened in 1618 as part of the farmstead owned by John and Maria White. The
Needham family first came to the Inn in 1813 with Richard Needham, and as can be seen from the table below, they ran it for a total of 86 years.  Richard and his wife Nancy Hulme were publicans until 1816. They had two children there; Elizabeth in 1813 and George in 1815.

George Needham, Richard’s brother took over in 1817 when he married Ann Nall. They had four children there; George in 1818, Matthew in 1819, Mark in 1820 and Ellen Dicken in 1822. Tragically, George died at the young age of 34 in 1824 (he is buried at Taddington) and Ann took over as publican, helped by her sons.

At the time of the 1851 census Ann’s son George and a brother worked as farm labourers on a farm not part of the inn – possibly that of
George Dicken. Ann died in 1859 and her son George continued as innkeeper and as farmer of 63 acres.  Ann’s daughter Ellen Dicken Needham, married farmer George Dicken who became publican in 1869. He was a farmer with 91 acres of land.

By the time of 1881 census, George Dicken was described as innkeeper and farmer of 125 acres, with his wife Ellen and daughter Alice, 23 who was a servant at the inn and their son Matthew, 22 who worked on the farm. However, by the time of the 1891 census George Dicken, now aged 70, was a farmer. When he died in 1894, Ellen Dicken took over as publican in the pub that she had been born in.  She died in 1899.





Date Publican Date Publican

1618 – 1662

John WHITE 1900 – James Arthur HAMMOND

1662 – 1687 Christopher MELLOR 1900 – 1901 Samuel WARD

1688 – 1704 Thomas REDFERN 1901 – 1913 George Lander WESTALL

1705 – 1719 Samuel PLANT 1913 – 1938 James HOROBIN

1719 -1752 Richard SALT 1938 – 1955 Mary Ellen NAYLOR

1753 – 1756 Willliam SIMPSON 1955 – 1961 Mary Ellen HADFIELD

1757 – 1774 Ellen BAGSHAW 1961 – 1962 Peter Stewart HALL

1775 – 1784 Samuel ALLEN 1962 – 1965 Paul Marshall KEYWORTH

1785 – 1791 John HIBBERT 1965 – 1967 Cyril James JONES

1792 – 1812 Solomon MYCOCK 1967 – Irene TWIGG

1813 – 1816 Richard NEEDHAM 1967 – 1970 John Arthur BROADHURST

1817 – 1823 George NEEDHAM 1970 – 1975 Minnie GREGORY

1824 – 1859 Ann NEEDHAM 1975 – 1980 John Henry FRITH

1859 – 1868 George NEEDHAM 1980 – 1981 David Arthur NUGENT

1869 – 1894 George DICKEN 1981 – 1984 Raymond Austin ATKINS

1894 – 1899 Ellen DICKEN 1984 – 1997 John LONGWOTH

1899 – 1901 George WILKINSON 1997 – Daren David PARKER


4 Responses to “The Duke of York”

  • Andrea:

    Thanks Juliet for this information. I am a direct descendant of Richard Needham and Nancy Hulme. A couple of years ago I visited the pub and saw the list of landlords . I also visited Chelmorton where there are several members of the Needham family and ancestors buried . I have information on Richard but can’t find out much about his wife Nancy before the census came into operation.

  • Mark Allen:

    The following extract from the Parliamentary Papers in the House of Commons Library may be of interest. It is from ‘Coms. of Inquiry into Charities in England and Wales: Eighteenth Report’ dated 1828. pp.33-34. – but you need a subscription to view it.

    It implies that the pub was built by/for Samuel Allen sometime before 1788. Whilst that date appears to match the date that you have him listed as landlord, it raises a question about the preceding 150+ years. Could it have been rebuilt on the site of an earlier pub maybe?

    An annual sum of 40s. is received for the use of the poor of this chapelry,
    one moiety thereof by the overseer of the township of Chelmorton, and the
    other moiety by the overseer of Flagg, in respect of a public-house in Chelmorton,
    called The Duke of York, and lands thereto adjoining.
    We were unable at the time of our inquiry to obtain any satisfactory infor
    mation as to the origin of this payment; but we have since met with the will
    of ROBERT DALE, bearing date 23d August 1742, and proved at Lichfield in
    1751, whereby he gave to the poor of Flagg and Chelmorton 40l.; to be invested
    on landed security, in three trustees, of whom the parson, for the time being,
    of Chelmorton, should be one, to be divided at Christmas or Candlemas; and
    when any of the trustees should die, the survivors to choose another out of the
    honest and substantial inhabitants. There is a tradition in the chapelry, that
    a sum of 40l., belonging to the poor (which probably was derived from Robert
    Dale’s legacy) was, with an addition from some other quarter, laid out more
    than 40 years ago, in the names of the late Mr. John Buxton, and two other
    persons, as trustees, in the purchase of a parcel of land containing between three
    and four acres, called The Salt Crofts; that this land adjoined to the common,
    a part of which, to the extent of ten acres, or more, was afterwards inclosed and
    added to the land thus purchased; that the whole was granted, by the persons
    in whose names the purchase was made, to Samuel Allen, on a building lease,
    for a very long term of years, at the yearly rent of about 8l. per annum, and
    that the above-mentioned public-house was erected thereon; that the rent was
    received by the late Mr. Buxton, and divided between the respective overseers
    of Chelmorton and Flagg, but that only 20s. of the share which each of them
    received, was distributed to the poor, the residue being carried to their general
    accounts with their respective townships; and that in consequence of a sum of
    125l. having been advanced about 30 years ago, by Mr. Buxton, for paying the
    expenses arising from a dispute on the Taddington Inclosure, in which the in-
    habitants of Chelmorton and Flagg were interested, Mr. Buxton was allowed
    to retain as the interest of the sum thus advanced, the residue of the rents
    beyond the two annual sums of 20s. above mentioned.
    We are also informed, that Samuel Allen sold his lease to a Mr. Longsden,
    and that it is now vested in the daughters of the latter; that the public-house
    and the adjoining land are in the occupation of Anne Needham, as tenant
    to the Miss Longsdens, who pay the rent reserved by the above-mentioned
    lease to the Rev. William Marsden, of Manchester, one of the nephews of
    the late Mr. Buxton; and that the two annual sums of 20s. each, are paid over
    by him to the overseers, the residue being retained by him as the interest of the
    money advanced by the late Mr. Buxton.
    The two annual sums of 20s. each are distributed, shortly after they are
    received, in small portions, amongst poor persons of the respective townships
    of Chelmorton and Flagg.

    • Hi Mark,
      I have just got around to reading the pice you sent me. Thanks you very much and sorry for the delay. My website no longer sends me emails when I get consents
      and so I have to remember to check every os often!
      It is is really interesting and confusing at the same time and all I can say is that the list of publicans were on the wall of the pub when we visited and the history came from them. I have found a person researching their ancestor Samuel Allen. May I pass this onto them?
      Thanks again
      kind regards

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